Abbess. (from masc.abbot;Gr.Hegoumeni). The female superior of a community of nuns appointed by a bishop; Mother Superior. She has general authority over her community and nunnery under the supervision of a bishop. Abbot. (from Aram.abba, father; Gr. Hegoumenos, Sl.Nastoyatel). The head of a monastic community or monastery, appointed by a bishop or elected by the […]